I don’t often have guest writers on BunkaiJutsu. However, I’ve had a request from a freelance writer Katlyn Warner to publish her article on taking responsibility and how it is particularly significant to martial artists, especially children. It covers a number of self development aspects of martial arts training I thought so I thought I’d share it. Continue reading “Martial Arts And The Power Of Taking Responsibility” »
There are many quotes attributed to Gichin Funakoshi, but I come across this one the other day in his book, Karate Do Kyohan: The Master Text. Near the back on page 248 (if you already have it), he says;
“Techniques will occur when a void is found”. Continue reading “Techniques Will Occur When A Void Is Found: Gichin Funakoshi” »
This posting is not actually by me, it is by somebody who wishes to remain anonymous. Although the author is a Karateka, his story could equally apply to any martial art. The author suffered a debilitating stroke at just 6 years of age and this post chronicles his struggle to overcome many challenges; physical, emotional, mental and even just getting a perspective on life. Continue reading “Alone with myself – How Karate changed my life” »
“The brain processes 400 billion bits of information a second but we’re only aware of 2,000 of those. That means that reality is happening in the brain all the time”.
Dr Joe Dispenza from the DVD: What The Bleep Do We Know?! Continue reading “Developing And Using Intuition For Self Protection” »
How often have you heard the phrase “before you can overcome others, you must first overcome yourself”, or “your main opponent is yourself”. If you’ve never heard these phrases, then take a long look at who’s teaching you! You should have heard these phrases before as this really is one of the most central core philosophies of doing any traditional martial art. Continue reading “Striving For Perfection: Combat Effectiveness And Spiritual Development” »
For those not familiar with the term, Moksu it is Japanese for the kneeling meditation at the beginning and end of a martial arts class. It is often seen as just clearing the mind from the day’s ups and downs to prepare you for training. It does of course do that, but it can actually represent a lot more in the long term. Apart from just clearing the mind, when practiced regularly it can over time help to completely silence the mind. Continue reading “Moksu: Does It Actually Have A Martial Application?” »
Mind Like The Moon (Tsuki No Kokoro) and Mind Like Water (Mizu No Kokuro) are old Japanese/Chinese phrases which are integrated into Zen and martial arts and are inter-related to each other. This posting looks at them primarily from a martial arts context. Continue reading “Mind Like The Moon & Mind Like Water” »
Kaizen is a Japanese concept which basically means “continuous improvement”. It can be applied to business, engineering, management; in fact, just about anything. It is a very powerful tool for self development.
The idea is that you take one small area and work on it for a week. Depending on what field you are working on, it can be something as simple as just smiling more often (which can be good for building business or personal relationships). By the end of the week, it should have started to become a habit. Then you pick some other small improvement to focus on. After a year, you should hopefully have made 52 small improvements. This obviously all adds up to a very substantial (and very deliberate) overall improvement.
Very interesting you may say, but what has that got to do with martial arts. Well our grading system is roughly based on just this same principle. It should not be a surprise then that it was the Japanese that created the coloured belt system which was later copied by the Koreans, Chinese and many others. Most martial arts have gradings every 3 months though it will vary from style to style. Although Kaizen looks for a different subject of focus each week, it would obviously be impractical to have gradings every week. However, the belt system is clearly following the same underlying principle.
Each grade has clearly specified requirements for kata/patterns, basic techniques and sparring (free or pre-arranged) and generally the student will not move on to the next level of training until they have been examined for the current level. It is a very well defined and structured system that ensures that the student learns the required skills in logical and progressive sequence.
Another powerful tool for self development is goal setting. Everybody who teaches self development always recommends goal setting as it is a way to focus the mind in order to achieve the best results. The belt system sets our goals for us. As soon as we decide that we want to take a grading, we set ourselves the goal to learn the next set of techniques (or combinations), the next kata/pattern, and the next sparring drill. We also set ourselves the goal learning them to the required standard.
Kaizen is actually a very structured form of goal setting. The Japanese really took this process very seriously as they rebuilt themselves from the devastation the Second World War to become almost an economic superpower. The South Koreans who took a similar approach punch well above their weight economically for such a small country. Yet the principle of Kaizen is intimately ingrained into our martial arts and goes almost unnoticed as we take it for granted.
This is another serious lesson that we can learn from our martial art and take into every area of our lives. There is nothing in life that cannot be improved by looking for constant small changes and practicing them until they become ingrained, just as we do with martial art training.
Some purists will point out that originally there were no grades in martial arts. However, martial arts was usually taught secretively in very small groups, with a master and just a few select students. Those students would normally be motivated by wanting to stay alive if they become involved in a physical conflict (rather than scoring a point or keeping fit, etc).
They were warriors. Most of us today are not, but that’s OK, we don’t need to be. Our motivation and mind set is often different to their’s, therefore its reasonable that different things will work for us as worked for them. Gradings may not be necessary in small motivated groups, but make it much more practical to teach in today’s much larger classes.
It’s a shame that some people just become obsessed with getting a grade and they miss out on learning some of the finer points and applications that are not included in the grading syllabus. However, they still have to perform the syllabus for their grade to the required level so some standards are still maintained. There are definitely faults and limitations within the grading system. There are also many abuses on many different levels, by students and examiners.
But overall, it is a very good system which when you look at it more closely, teaches us a method to live by as well as for learning martial arts.
Sometimes you see in martial arts forums and/or magazines, debates on what is most important in training; focusing on pure technique or developing a fierce fighting spirit? Everybody seems to have an opinion and as the old saying goes . . . . opinions are like a**e holes, everybody has one.
So I though I’d add mine to the mix as well. Opinion that is. Obviously both are very important and nobody will get far without a certain amount of both. However, as for which is most important . . . . . . I would say that depends on what stage of your training you’re at.
For beginners, I would say that more emphasis should be placed on technique. Good technique is the foundation to traditional martial arts. It is the basic building block on which all else is built. People often argue that pure basics are unrealistic in a real fight. I would agree. However, when you build a house, the first thing you do is dig a great big hole and fill it in with cement. This is your foundation. When the house is built, you don’t actually see the foundation, but without it the house will fall down.
It’s the same with fighting skills. When you fight or spar you take short cuts and you seldom see pure basics being used, but without good basics the techniques that you do fight or spar with will be limited.
I do think it is good to do some reality based scenario training (see the video’s in my post below) early as well, as that does teach the student tactics to deal with the raw aggression and pre-fight stage when somebody is trying to pick a fight with you. This form of training can yield very quick results, particularly at overcoming any likelihood of “freezing” in a confrontation, so I don’t really feel that you need to do a lot of it. Also, it should be separate from technique training, at least in the early days.
To learn good techniques takes time and is best learnt in a relaxed environment. Learning under pressure tends to hard wire results into your brain very quickly, hence bad habits from early training can become hard wired and be difficult to remove later.
However, when the student becomes proficient at their techniques, then you can bit by bit build up the pressure and intensity. But by this time, there should be a good foundation in place. This can of course be done through several different methods:
- Sparring is the most obvious as the student is on the receiving end of random attacks and has to react to them as they happen.
- Even pre-arranged sparring can be intense. When you are partnered with somebody who is fast, powerful, accurate and they come in at you with full intent (and you have to wait for them to initiate), it can requires full attention.
- Kata/patterns/forms or even basics can be used too if you really visualise an opponent in front of you. The body’s nervous system does not know the difference between what is real and what is imagined (that’s why you heartbeat goes up and you jump at a scary movie, even when you brain knows that you’re safely snuggled up on your sofa).
- More reality based (scenario) training, though now you can involve more technique.
This is particularly good at the approach to 1st Dan, when the balance can shift in favour of emphasising the spirit a bit more than technique. Throughout the kyu/kup grades the techniques have been emphasised, but when the student goes for their Dan grade, they really need to show that they have the will to fight for it (mentally as well as literally). It is often said that it is harder to live up to a black belt than it is to earn it, as a black belt is supposed to be courageous, confident and an example to others. Somebody who folds under pressure (no matter how technically competent) cannot really be held up as an example.
Besides, martial arts are not only there to teach us to take the physical knocks of the Dojo (or even a street fight), they are also supposed to teach us to take the mental and emotional knocks of life itself. That certainly requires great spirit.
However, as you continue to progress, (especially as you get older), you should learn to relax both physically and mentally under pressure. This means switching back to focusing more on technique again. I would say that by the time you’ve passed 2nd Dan or above, you should be accustomed to being place under pressure and rather than continuing to meet it with a “GRRRRRRR” mentality, you should be looking to casually evade, become deceptive, learn how to incapacitate using the least amount of your energy as you can.
Firstly, martial arts are a lifetimes study and if you want to keep training as you get older, you need to consider the implications of age. A lifetime of martial arts does not mean that you the same thing throughout your life. A martial arts matures as the martial artist matures. Why would people in the 60’s or 70’s want to kick head height? But without evolving into pure (and softer) technique as we move throughout our lives, then we bring forward our sell by date when we are forced to stop training.
Secondly, its a far more effective and efficient way of fighting, especially against multiple opponents. A real fight can be exhausting, so using up all your energy fiercely and spiritedly defeating the first guy, just to find that his mates want to have a go too, is not wise.
I have of late become more interested in how to keep training as you get older, as many of us lose flexibility, get stiff joints/injuries and lose the natural athleticism of youth. As such, I’ve become more interested in what I call “natural movement“. By this I mean, (as far as is possible) moving in a way that is natural for the body, rather than forcing a movement. For example, many people overly tense up at the end of the end of a technique with too much forced exhalation. Learning to relax more and breath more naturally is healthier at all ages, but more so as get get older.
Being a subscriber to Russell Stutely’s email Newsletter, it seems he is also having thoughts about adapting training as you get older (and he’s younger than me).
Anyway, I’ve long been an admirer of Russell Stutely (who has done an interview for this website before, so I thought I would share his thoughts. If you want to join up to his newsletter or find out more about Russell then CLICK HERE to visit his website.
Anyway, here in Russell’s own words:-
What are we all training for? You know I have been giving this a lot of thought over the last few days. After many long years of training, some great times, some awful times, some amazing times… I look back at the training partners / friends / colleagues etc. So many have stopped training for various reasons; Family, fed up, drifted away, injuries etc.
We have trained pretty hard… In my biased view anyway! We were always the first to step and try something out, spar or fight at whatever level people want… and for what? What did we really gain from it? I have a list of niggling little injuries (some a bit more than that) which are going to plague me for life.
I have friends in the same boat give or take. Yesterday I was at the gym, at my hilltop lair… and there was a younger couple doing Yoga together. They looked in great shape, were physically gifted (judging by the positions) and as I found out were completely injury free after 20 years!
I hobbled away cursing them under my breath 🙂 They were also really nice to chat to… which made me hate them even more! 🙂
As a Coach it is my job to teach in the best possible way. To give the best possible advice on an individual level. To guide, help, assist and to pass on as much knowledge and information in the most efficient manner possible. I am asked on many occasions about hard training, sparring, fighting etc. My answer recently has been do it if you want to.
A few years ago my answer was ALWAYS that you MUST do it.
My answer today and for the forseeable future, is why do it?
Unless you have aspirations to be a proper fighter, then why bother? You will probably get injured. The injury / injuries could well have an impact on your daily life – for the rest of your life.
Do you really want to take those chances to satisfy your own ego? I need to know what I am doing works? Is a standard cry… or it needs to be pressure tested.
Well… yes and no. We all know that a good punch in the mouth works right? So do we really need to pressure test that? We all know that a soccer kick to the head works right? Do we really need to pressure test that?
What we really need to pressure test is HOW TO GET INTO POSITION to punch them in the mouth etc etc.
This can be trained at speed and power with SAFETY in mind.
This is called training HARD AND SMART.
Something which I did mention in my 200+ A4 Page Book – Karate – The Hidden Secrets many years ago. Available all over the web and at my store:-)
I don’t know about you but I really wish I was as injury free as the Yoga couple I met!
NO.. I am not bothered about being in as good as shape as them either! Or about being as nice….They need to rotten up like the rest of us! 🙂
What is IMPORTANT is knowing what I / You want from your training. That is the KEY. Everyone is different and everyone is on their OWN JOURNEY. I will try to NEVER judge anyone else’s journey ever again.
If you / they or I am ENJOYING my training, then carry on doing it. I still think it is CRITICAL to UNDERSTAND as much as possible about your Art. It is ESSENTIAL that you make it as efficient and effective as possible.
This is achieved through UNDERSTANDING…. and NOT through beasting yourself and others in the blind hope that ONE MORE PUSH UP will make me understand better!
Use some of the annoying Yoga couples wisdom… take your Art to the next level by UNDERSTANDING IT BETTER.
Ironically, this is what I have been doing for years with the various studies made… BUT at the same time doing that ONE MORE REP as anyone who has actually trained with me will testify!
Now it is time to drop the ONE MORE REP mentality!
I have officially stopped hard / open sparring. At 46 that is acceptable I think!
I am actually taking my own advice and training a bit smarter! I hope that this little note has given you food for thought?
I will write more soon.